~ The pieces are all sewn together, stitched with love.........and a quilt tells a story and the story is our past ~
The Arrowood family immigrated from England to Maryland in the 1700's. They went south, eventually settling in the mountains of North Carolina. Later , some went further south, into the Piedmont of North Carolina, in search of work and a better way of life.
I am in search of my family.
I search for those that came before me, and lived their lives as best they could. I am in search of their stories, how they lived, and how they loved.
I shared this love of seeking the past with my Dad, sharing each new finding with him, the thrill in his heart intermingling with mine. I continue this search in his honor, and hope to know these people of ours when I join up with them all in heaven.
~ Steve Lewis Arrowood 1932-2008 ~
Come with me, back to a simpler time and place. A place far removed from the hectic pace of today. To a time when life was hard, but the rewards were great. When your quality of life was determined by your own sweat, your own toil, and your own ingenuity.
Would you like a glass of sweet tea? Let's sit out on the porch where we will catch the sweetly scented breeze of summertime. Maybe Grandma will fry up some of her wonderful chicken... Time slows here.
"We shape our lives not by what we carry with us, but what we leave behind."
~You live as long as you are remembered.~
"Our most treasured family heirlooms are our sweet family memories. " Author: Unknown
"But those who came before us will teach you. They will teach you from the wisdom of former generations."
Monday, January 11, 2010
Magnolia Grove and the Springhouse Jail
Cowans Ford Dam, located at McGuire Nuclear Station, Huntersville, N.C. Hwy. 73. Click on picture for a larger view.
The Dellinger family moved from Pennsylvania, to North Carolina, sometime prior to the Revolutionary War. Henry “Heinrich” Dellinger was the Uncle of Henry Dellinger (the Henry that owned the grist mill and moved to the mountains of North Carolina). Johan "John" Philip Dellinger, Jr. was Heinrich's brother and also, our ancestor, (the father of Henry Dellinger that ran the grist mill). Johan "John" Philip Dellinger, Jr. fought in the battle of Kings Mountain, N.C. as well as the Battle of Ramseur's Mill. He was a Captain in the Revolutionary Army.
We struck out in search of the old home place of 'Heinrich', called Magnolia Grove.
It was in the vicinity of Lincolnton, N.C. in an area called Iron Station. Turns out that it is less than 10 miles from me! The house, that stands on Heinrich’s property today, was built by John Barnett Smith, and is registered on the Historical Registry. John Barnett Smith was the husband of Barbara Ann Dellinger. Barbara was the great grand daughter of Heinrich, and apparently inherited the property.
The line goes like this:
Johannes Philipp (Pioneer) Dellinger, Sr. b. 1706
Heinrich Dellinger, b. 1740
Michael Dellinger, b. 1761
Lewis Dellinger, b. 1796
Barbara Ann Dellinger, b. 1837
Barbara Dellinger Smith and John B. Smith's Headstones
The interesting thing about Magnolia Grove is that Heinrich kept a house “for the entertainment of the public“. He ran a tavern and an inn. He would drive cattle to Pennsylvania and cash them in for spirits and would sell these spirits in his tavern, along with other goods in his store.
In 1781, until 1784, they converted Heinrich’s springhouse into a jail, complete with proper fortifications. There has been some excavation of the site, where the springhouse once stood. There was a jail break, apparently, from the springhouse, so they fortified a room in his main house, to serve as a jail. They eventually held court proceedings in the house, as well, until the new courthouse was built in Lincolnton. You have to imagine that house as a 'happening place', don't you think?? Smile.
Heinrich’s first wife was Anna Joanna Rudisill, she passed away when Heinrich was in his 40’s. He remarried a lady that he knew from Pennsylvania, one Ms. Sallie Smothers. Apparently, this was one lady that loved her cup of coffee, so before she committed herself to being Heinrich’s wife, they had an standing agreement that she would be provided her coffee, even in the ‘Wild Lands’ of North Carolina..grin.
This proved quite costly for Heinrich, but he complied. Ain’t love grand?
There is also a tale that floats around about the troops frequenting the tavern. Before heading to fight the Battle of Ramseur’s Mill, in Lincolnton, legend has it, they stopped in at Heinrich’s tavern to have a ‘cup of courage’ before venturing on their way. Liquid Fortitude.
I can just see the frown that would have brought to my Grandma’s face. Grin.
The family cemetery is located on a slight rise, just behind the main house that was built by John Smith. I had found this cemetery once before and did not quite know how these Dellinger’s fit in, but I knew that they would, somehow.
Another piece of the puzzle slides into place. Big smile.
Name: Heinrich "Henry" DELLINGER
Birth: 27 OCT 1740 in Oberacker, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
Death: 15 FEB 1820 in Lincoln Co. N. C.
Burial: 1820 Dellinger & Smith Cemetery, Iron Station, Lincoln Co., N.C.
Occupation: Large land owner
Military Service: Whig-took no part in Rev. War
Magnolia Grove was the home of Henry Dellinger prior to the Revolutionary War and afterward until the town of Lincolnton was founded. Magnolia Grove is situated on the Tuckasege road six miles from Lincolnton.
The following info was found on the internet:
From Germans West of the Catawba:
"MC, NC DB 1:521-4 - 4 Jun. 1764 - Henry purchases 200 A adj. Philip Rudisill's line from John Rudisilly, oldest son and heir at law of Gerick Rudisilly, dec'd, of York Co., PA. This was Johanna's brother John who remained in York Co., PA. The wording of this deed is a bit misleading. Weyrick Rudisill d. in LC, NC...
MC, NC DB 1:445-6 - 15 Jan. 1767 - Henry Dellinger and wife Hannah sell 300 A on Leepers Creek granted 4 Oct. 1765.
NC Crown Patent B15:484 - 19 Apr. 1763 - 200 A on both sides of Rudisills Creek adj. Waurough Rudisill."
Magnolia [North Carolina] was the home of Henry Dellinger prior to the Revolutionary War and afterwards until the town of Lincolnton was founded. This place is situated on the Tuckaseege road six miles from Lincolnton. Before the Revolutionary War, when the old Tryone courthouse
was near Cherryville, a road from Beatty's Ford to the courthouse crossed the Tuckaseege road at Henry's house. Henry's residence stood at the intersection of these two roads, just east of and between J. B. Smith's present brick residence and the spring.
The Tuckaseegee road has since been changed and now runs west of the house. That part of the Beatty's Ford road has been discontinued for many years, but the tracks of both old roads are clearly visible today.
Being a man of large means and living at a public place, Henry kept house for the entertainment of the public. At that time such houses were known as ordinaries, and were licensed by the court. In the court records of the April sessions of 1775, the following was entered: "It is ordered by
the court that Henry Dellinger have license to keep ordinary at his now dwelling house in Tyrone County, he complying with the act of Assembly in case made and provides who proposes for security John Ritzhaupt and Nicholas Friday." In 1779, Tyrone County was divided into Lincoln and Rutherford counties, the old courthouse falling in Lincoln County, but too far west for the convenience of the public.
The courts were then held for a few years at Nicholas Friday's on the South Fork. They were next held at Henry Dellinger's. At the January sessions of 1781, it was ordered that the jail of said county should be Henry Dellinger's spring house until the end of the April sessions of
1784. The place dug out of the spring house is visible today. It was a small building, the lower story rock, the upper, logs. In the lower story, the landlord kept his liquors; the upper was used for a jail. As some of the prisoners escaped from the spring house, during the April sessions of 1784, it was "ordered that the sheriff of said county make use of a room in Henry Dellinger's house to be strengthened for the purpose of a common jail till the public buildings in said county are completed."
The next term of the court was held at Henry Dellinger's. The court minutes read as follows: "State of North Carolina. At a county court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions begun and held in and for said County of Lincoln at Henry Dellinger's on the first Monday in July, 1784, before Robert Alexander, William Graham and John Moore, Esqrs." The Courts continued to be held at the Dellinger place until the town of Lincolnton was established. The courts were first held at the Courthouse in Lincolnton in October 1786.
Henry's second wife, Mrs. Smothers, was reared in the city and wearied of country life. So yielding to her inclinations, he was the first to purchase a lot in the new town of Lincolnton. He owned and occupied the lot on the northwest square now known as the Robinson block. Henry is
said to have erected the first house built in the new town. Henry made frequent trips back to Pennsylvania, taking with him a drove of cattle, and bringing in return liquors for his cellar and goods for his store. After the death of his first wife, Anna [Hanna] Rudisill, he wooed, Mrs. Smothers, a widow then living in the state of Pennsylvania. According to tradition she was a great lover of coffee. Her objection to marriage and accompanying Henry back home was the fear that she could not get her favorite drink in the wilds of North Carolina. This the ardent
lover quickly overcame by promising her all she wanted, a promise he faithfully kept. Henry's neighbors frequently discussed his expensive bargain, and she filled an untimely grave from the extensive use of coffee.
Henry Dellinger was Whig and took no part in the Revolutionary War; but his brother, John Dellinger, was a patriot and active soldier throughout the Revolution. John fought at the Battle of Ramseur's Mill.
Henry Dellinger died February 15, 1820, in Lincoln County, North Carolina. He was buried February 1820, in the Dellinger & Smith Cemetery, Iron Station, Lincoln Co., North Carolina.
Henry Dellinger's tombstone is about 100 to 150 feet behind the main section of the cemetery, as are a number of other fieldstones.
Henry's grave is marked with two markers, one of plain granite and the other is a marble slab. The granite marker reads:
"H.D. Dep. This life 15 Feb. 1820 in the 80 of his age."
The diary of Lutheran pastor David Henkel has the following entry for Thursday, February 17, 1820:
"A funeral sermon for Henry Dellinger, Sr.."
This funeral sermon was probably given at the home of Peter Mosteller,
Jr., who was Henry's son-in-law. Henry had resided with Peter Mosteller
from September 22, 1818 until Henry's death.
Father: Johannes Philipp DELLINGER b: 24 AUG 1706 in Oberacker, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany
Mother: Anna Maria BRANDSTATTER b: ABT. 1705
Battle of Ramseur's Mill
When Tryon County was divided the Tryon Court-house fell in Lincoln county, but too near its western border for public convenience. the courts for part of the years 1783 and 1784 were held at the house of Capt. Nicholas Friday. His residence stood on the east side of the river, seven miles south of Lincolnton. The courts of July and October sessions, 1784, were held at the house of Henry Dellinger, and his spring house was designated as the "gaol." This spring house was a two-story affair, the lower stone, the upper logs; the upper story was used as the public jail. Some of the prisoners escaping, the sheriff was ordered "to make use of a room in Henry Dellinger's house to be strengthened for the purposes of a common gaol." The sheriffs, for protection against the escape of prisoners from these very odd jails, always entered on the court record their "protest against the sufficiency of said gaol." The site of Henry Dellinger's home is Magnolia, six miles southeast of Lincolnton, where the late John B.Smith lived.
While the location of the county seat remained an open question, the map of the county changed. In 1753, the western portion of the Granville domain was set up into the county of Rowan. Rowan in 1777, was divided by a line beginning on the Catawba River at the Tryon and Mecklenburg corner, thence up the meanders of the said river to the north end of an island, known as "the Three Cornered Island," etc. and the territory west and south of said line erected into a new county, by the name of Burke, and the county seat, Morganton, located fifty miles from the southeast part of the county on the Catawba. It being represented to the General Assembly that "certain of the inhabitants of Burke labor under great hardships in attending on courts and other public meetings from their remote situation from the court-house," in 1782, it enacted that all that part of Burke from Sherrill's Ford to the Fish Dam Ford of the South Fork, "and from thence a southwest course to Earl Granville's old line," be taken from Burke and added to Lincoln County. In 1784 a greater slice of Burke was added to Lincoln. The line separating the counties began at the Horse Ford on the Catawba and ended at the same point in the Granville line. This is now a noted point, known as the "Three County Corner," the county of Lincoln, Burke and Cleveland, and is the only established point in the old Granville line west of the Catawba River.
The Battle of Ramseur's Mill took place on June 20, 1780 near present-day Lincolnton, North Carolina, during the British campaign to gain control of the southern colonies in the American Revolutionary War. About 400 American militia defeated 1,300 Loyalist militiamen. The battle did not involve any regular army forces from either side, and was literally fought between neighbors. Despite being outnumbered, the Patriot militia defeated the Loyalists.
The battle was significant in that it lowered the morale of Loyalists in the south, weakening their support of the British.